Trust - Students must trust that their teacher will help them learn while the teacher must trust that her students have the ability to learn. If students do not believe that a teacher has anything worthwhile to teach them, then they will tune out. If a teacher does not believe in a student's ability to learn, then that teacher will not try hard to teach or reach the student. Trust is built by keeping an open mind.
Enthusiasm - Teachers must convey their interest in their subject in order to capture their students' attention. Teachers can convey interest by keeping up to date in their area of expertise and by letting their students know about new trends, developments, and discoveries in their fields of study.
Adaptation - Students differ according to gender, race, socio-economic status, religion, maturity level, and learning ability. Teachers must incorporate those differences in their daily lessons and recognize that every student has different strengths and abilities. Then the teacher must provide different opportunities for each student to show what he or she can do.
Communication - Students need to know why they are learning what they are learning. If they do not think the lesson is relevant nor has a purpose, they will disregard it. They need to see how ideas tie together because they will not remember random facts, theories, or dates. They need to see how the information fits into the big picture. If a teacher models making connections between ideas, the students will learn how to do it themselves.
Hope - Teachers need to believe in what they are doing. They need to nurture the hope that they are making a difference in many people's lives. If they have the hope and belief that their students can learn, then their students will believe that they can learn.